types of water filters

Access to clean, safe drinking water is one of the most important ways to promote wellness at home. It’s essential to have an effective filter to purify your family’s water. Filtered water tastes clean and fresh, encouraging everyone in the household to consume more. Here are a few of the most popular types of water filters for your home.

Types of Water Filters: Activated Carbon

Many standard household water filters use activated carbon to remove contaminants. Countertop filters and pitcher filters often use activated carbon to purify water. This filtration method eliminates impurities, including chlorine, salts, heavy metals, and chemicals. Activated carbon also effectively removes sediment. However, it’s ineffective against bacteria and viruses in the water supply.

Reverse Osmosis

Reverse osmosis (RO) filters purify water using pressure to force the water through a semipermeable membrane. RO filtration removes impurities, including detergents, salts, lead, pesticides, and some bacteria. RO filtration is very effective but does waste water in the process of purification.

Distillation Types of Water Filters

Steam distillation is a method of filtering water by heating it to its boiling point and condensing it into drinking water, leaving contaminants and sediment behind. Steam distillation effectively removes heavy metals, salt, and most bacteria. This purification process does require energy and is time-consuming.

UV Water Purification

Ultraviolet (UV) systems purify a home’s water supply by destroying bacteria or viruses. This type of filtration is effective; however, it does not remove contaminants and sediment from the water. A UV system is often used in conjunction with other types of filters to provide pure, safe drinking water.

Water Ionization Filtration

Water ionizers are filtration devices that use the process of electrolysis to purify water. This system passes water through electrically charged plates, separating it into two streams, acidic and alkaline. The process raises the alkalinity of your drinking water but does not remove contaminants. Pair your ionization filter with another system like activated carbon for the best results.

To choose the best water filtration system for your family, order a water test or request a water-quality report from your utility company. Knowing what types of contaminants are present will help you select the right purification system for your home.

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